Landfill Economics 101


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The purpose of this introductory course on landfill economics is to provide an overview of the major principles associated with full cost accounting. The course addresses the basic components of landfill costs, including site development, permitting, labor, equipment, and materials, and other items such as capital expenditures, accruals, and depreciation. The course also addresses accounting approaches, landfill revenue generation and the major factors influencing landfill economics.

Upon completion of this course, attendees will be able to:

  • Define the basic components of landfill costs, sources of revenue, financing
  • Describe the concepts of cash and accrual accounting
  • Discuss the pre-development costs included in a landfill economic evaluation
  • Define the operational costs associated with a landfill, and methods for evaluating those costs
  • Describe the steps for determining post-closure costs for a landfill
  • Discuss the factors affecting landfill economics including proximity of competing landfills, market area tip fees, transportation costs, landfill configuration, airspace utilization and labor agreements

Course Length

60 minutes

Additional information



Presenter Biography

Robert B. Gardner, P.E., B.C.E.E As a Senior Vice President, Mr. Gardner is responsible for overseeing SCS’s nationwide solid waste management practice, which includes landfill engineering, landfill gas management, solid waste studies, landfill environmental systems, operation and maintenance, and construction. Mr. Gardner works closely with SCS’s national and regional clients. Since joining SCS in 1980, he has completed solid waste, hazardous waste, environmental assessment, facility design, compliance audit, and other environmental study projects for municipal and private clients.

Projects typically have involved feasibility studies, due diligence investigations, facility siting, site investigations, environmental studies, permitting, design, and construction services. Facilities have included landfills, landfill gas control facilities, material recovery facilities, transfer stations, wastewater treatment plants, and support facilities (e.g., roadways, buildings, stormwater, utilities). Other projects have included waste composition studies, rate studies, compliance audits, site assessments, and preparation of various procurement documents.

He has participated in or directed numerous environmental site assessments, contamination assessments, remedial action plans, and remedial construction projects throughout the United States. Project sites have included fuel storage facilities, vehicle maintenance facilities, truck stops, chemical processing plants, active and closed landfill sites, abandoned chemical disposal sites, and superfund sites. Chemical contamination encountered in both soil and groundwater media has included petroleum, heavy metals, dioxin, pesticides, heavy metals, PCBs, and solvents. P.E. License numbers 22119 (Alabama), 11491 (Arkansas), 39233 (Florida), PE019745 (Georgia), E-24570 (Louisiana), 7454 (Maine), 13208 (Mississippi), 24GE03404400 (New Jersey), 16-067161 (New York), 17645 (Puerto Rico), 19919 (South Carolina), 13828 (Virginia), 41156, US 98-200009 (Washington), 10200 (South Dakota), 17063 (U.S.).


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