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The Environmental Research & Education Foundation (EREF) maintains a database of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) landfills across the United States. This database was used to draw a sample of active facilities for analysis of MSW landfill (MSWLF) tipping fees. Landfill owners were contacted and asked to provide gate rate information for MSW disposal, supplemented by current website information on fees. For the purpose of this report, the terms gate rate, tip fee, and tipping fee are used interchangeably to refer to the perton fee for hauled MSW loads.

In the 2023 study, 515 landfills were surveyed. MSW tip fee information was obtained from a total of 342 of those facilities. EREF has calculated a national average tip fee using two methodologies since 2018. One method estimates an unweighted national average by averaging fees of all observations or the number of reporting landfills for each year. In this method, each landfill is equally weighted regardless of its size or the quantity of tonnage received annually. The other method is calculated by weighting fees based on the relative amount of MSW disposed via landfilling and the tip fee at each facility to create a ton-weighted average. The ton-weighted average is calculated to account for differences in how the amount of MSW landfilled in each state varies due to factors such as total waste generation, fraction recovered for recycling and/or composting, and interstate transport (i.e. import and export of MSW).

View an interactive map of the fees by state.

Published May 2024